定语从句

定语从句


老师说前面先行词是人+who或whom
前面先行词是物+whose或whick. 那么我想问:
I have a friend whose father is teacher.
这里先行词是什么?  a friend是吗  那应该是人呀  但怎么是用“whose"?
关系代词引导的定语从句
1.who指人,在从句中做主语
(1)    The boys who are playing football are from Class One.
(2)    Yesterday I helped an old man who lost his way.
2. whom指人,在定语从句中充当宾语,常可省略。
(1) Mr. Liu is the person (whom) you talked about on the bus.
(2) Mr. Ling is just the boy whom I want to see.
注意:关系代词whom在口语和非正式语体中常用who代替,可省略。
(3) The man who/whom you met just now is my friend.
3. which指物,在定语从句中做主语或者宾语,做宾语时可省略
(1) Football is a game which is liked by most boys.
(2) This is the pen (which) he bought yesterday.
4. that指人时,相当于who或者whom;指物时,相当于which。在宾语从句中做主语或者宾语,做宾语时可省略。
(5) The number of the people that/who come to visit the city each year rises one million.
(6) Where is the man that/whom I saw this morning?
5. whose通常指人,也可指物,在定语从句中做定语
(1) He has a friend whose father is a doctor.
(2) I once lived in a house whose roof has fallen in.
whose指物时,常用以下结构来代替
(3)    The classroom whose door is broken will soon be repaired.
(4)    The classroom the door of which is broken will soon be repaired.
(5)    Do you like the book whose cover is yellow?
(6)    Do you like the book the color of which is yellow?
定语从句是用关系代词和关系副词引导
关系代词和关系副词在从句中会做句子成分
并不是简单向你们老师说的那样
人后一定是who或whom,你要看从句中缺少什么成分,缺少的是定语的话,而且表示的是"先行词的",那么我们就用 whose,
例句可以分解为I have a friend ,and the friend's father is teacher.所以合并的时候friend's要变为作定语的whose 
比较:(1 ) i have a friend whose father is a teacher.
(2)  i have a friend who is a teacher.
1中,friend 不是teacher,2中friend 是teacher.所以前后关系一致时,就用who,不一致,就用whose.
whose表示从属关系,意为"谁的".
这是个简单也不科学的方法,先暂时理解一下.
具体语法,参看:
simen_welcom - 见习魔法师 二级 


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